Delta modulation can be considered to be an incremental
pulse-code modulation (PCM) system where, rather than transmitting the absolute
amplitude at each sampling, only the changes in signal amplitude
from sampling instant to sampling instant are transmitted. This provides
a simpler system and requires less information to be transmitted.
The range of signal amplitudes is divided into a similar
number of quantisation levels as in pulse-code modulation systems. However,
at each sampling, the presence or absence of only one
transmitted pulse contains the information. The delta-modulation code is therefore
a one-element code in which a '1' is transmitted if
the sampled signal at any sampling instant is greater than
the immediately previous sampling instant. A '0' is transmitted if
the sampled signal is lower. The step size is called
delta (the Greek letter) and hence the name delta modulation.
Other topics in our resources on Communications Systems related to Delta modulation include: