CDMA Glossary

CDMA — CDMA Architecture







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Information on CDMA Architecture

A CDMA network consists of the following components:

  • Mobile station. The CDMA mobile station (or mobile phone) communicates with other parts of the system through the base-station system.

  • Base station (BS). The base station (BS) handles the radio interface to the mobile station. The base station is the radio equipment (transceivers and antennas)

  • Base station controller (BSC). The BSC provides the control functions and physical links between the MSC and BTS. It provides functions such as handover, cell configuration data and control of RF power levels in base transceiver stations. A number of BSCs are served by a MSC.

  • Mobile switching center (MSC). The MSC performs the telephony switching functions of the system. It also performs such functions as toll ticketing, network interfacing, common channel signalling, and others.

  • Home location register (HLR). The HLR database is used for storage and management of subscriptions. The home location register stores permanent data about subscribers, including a subscriber's service profile, location information, and activity status.

  • Visitor location register (VLR). The VLR database contains temporary information about subscribers that is needed by the mobile services switching center (MSC) in order to service visiting subscribers. When a mobile station roams into a new mobile services switching center (MSC) area, the visitor location register (VLR) connected to that MSC will request data about the mobile station from the HLR, reducing the need for interrogation of the home location register (HLR).

  • Authentication center (AC). The AC provides authentication and encryption parameters that verify the user's identity and ensure the confidentiality of each call. The authentication center (AUC) also protects network operators from fraud.

  • Operation and administration (OAM). The OAM is the functional entity from which the network operator monitors and controls the system. The purpose of operation and support system is to offer support for centralized, regional, and local operational and maintenance activities that are required for a CDMA network.

  • Other topics in our resources on CDMA related to CDMA Architecture include: 
  • CDMA mobile station (Mobile Handset)
  • CDMA base station (BS)
  • CDMA base station controller (BSC)
  • CDMA operation administration and maintenance (OAM)
  • CDMA mobile switching center (MSC)
  • executive cellular processor (ECP)

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